Blog December 2, 2020
Yum, That's a Good Trademark!
- Person title
Over the years we have seen an impressive expansion of what the law is willing to protect as a trademark. Long gone are the days when a mark could consist solely of the words or logo on a package. From the shape of product packaging to the shape of the product itself to colors to sounds to smells, courts have recognized that in the right circumstances consumers may recognize all of these as signifying that goods or services come from a single source, i.e. are trademarks.
There does seem to be a limit, however, to how far courts are willing to go, at least for now. On October 20, 2014, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas denied New York Pizzeria's claim that the very flavor of its foods, and the way it was presented, were protectable trademarks. The court denied such protection, stating that "the flavor of food undoubtedly affects its quality, and is therefore a functional element of the product." As for the claim based on how the food was presented, the court said that while it was "conceivable" that a signature dish could be presented in a non-functional manner that acquires distinctiveness, there were insufficient details alleged as to what was claimed as protectable trade dress in this case.
The court's decision is consistent with the U.S. Trademark Office's denial in 2006 of an application to register orange flavor as a mark for pharmaceuticals, where the Office held that the flavor was functional because it made the tablet taste better and therefore increased the likelihood that patients would take their medicine. So apparently Mary Poppins does not have exclusive rights to give children their spoonful of sugar.
Trademarks are brands—just like the brand on a cow. Seeking to protect flavor as a brand is like seeking to protect the taste of the beef—"We're the only ones who can feed our cows this unique mixture of corn and chipotle peppers." Not every potential expansion of trademark rights is a good thing. Allowing such protection would not be progress, but rather only limit fair competition based on the quality of the product, especially considering that trademarks can potentially last forever. For almost anything one can imagine that flavor might be used as a mark for, the use would be functional as part of the goods themselves. Maybe we will reach the point where tennis players first taste the tennis balls to be sure they are made by their favorite manufacturer, but for now they will just have to sniff them.
The case is New York Pizzeria, Inc. v. Syal, et al. case number 3:13cv335 in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas.
The opinions expressed are those of the authors on the date noted above and do not necessarily reflect the views of Fish & Richardson P.C., any other of its lawyers, its clients, or any of its or their respective affiliates. This post is for general information purposes only and is not intended to be and should not be taken as legal advice. No attorney-client relationship is formed.
Blog December 9, 2019
Blog July 26, 2019
Heightened Scrutiny of Specimens of Use at U.S. Trademark Office
Blog July 3, 2019
Legal Alert: New Rule Requires Foreign-Domiciled Trademark Applicants, Registrants, and Parties at TTAB to Be Represented by U.S. Attorney
Blog April 2, 2018
USPTO Pilot Program Regarding Specimen Authenticity
Blog July 5, 2017
U.S. Trademark Office Clarifies Filing Deadlines for Resurrecting Dead Applications and Registrations
Blog June 8, 2017
Even GOOGLE Can Google After All
Blog May 19, 2017
What Does The "In" in "Incontestable" Mean?
Blog February 7, 2017
U.S. Trademark Office Sharpens Machete for Pruning Deadwood
Blog February 3, 2017
FDA Final Guidance on Nonproprietary Names of Biological Products
Blog September 22, 2023
TTAB Rules Consumer Perception Remains the Critical Inquiry for Generic.gTLD Marks
Blog August 30, 2023
Legal Alert: USPTO Warns Trademark Applicants to Beware of Spoofed Calls
Blog March 28, 2023
U.S. Copyright Office Cancels Registration for AI-Generated Art, Issues AI-Related Registration Guidance
Article March 16, 2023
Attorneys Kristen McCallion and Darra Loganzo Co-Author World Trademark Review Article "Could AI Require Platforms to Do More to Prevent Infringement?"
Blog February 10, 2023
Need-to-Knows of the New Copyright Claims Board for Small-Value Copyright Claims
Blog December 12, 2022
Legal Alert: USPTO Updates Deadline to Respond to Trademark Office Actions
Q&A August 22, 2022
Principal Vivian Cheng Featured in Law.com Q&A Series "How I Made Partner"
Article June 16, 2022
Principal Cynthia Walden and Associate Sarah Kelleher Author World Intellectual Property Review Article "Selling the Intangible in Fashion: What Does It...
Blog March 8, 2022
The Basics of TTAB Cancellations
Blog November 9, 2021