Caroline Simons is a trial lawyer who works with clients in practice areas spanning white collar criminal defense and investigations, complex commercial litigation, and cybersecurity. She represents clients facing scrutiny or enforcement proceedings by state and federal prosecutors as well as regulatory agencies, and has experience defending clients against allegations involving securities fraud, mail and wire fraud, extortion, pay-to-play violations, public corruption, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA), the Clean Water Act, and state and federal False Claims Acts. Caroline has helped public and private organizations conduct internal investigations when they suspect misconduct, including fraud, theft of trade secrets, or misuse of funds. Working closely with her clients, she reports to boards and audit committees as needed and advises them on litigation and/or follow-on crisis management, helping her clients to fight back, recover, and move on.
In addition to her work on the criminal and regulatory spaces, Caroline has significant experience representing clients in civil litigation as well. Her practice includes litigating trade secret misappropriation, breach of contract, administrative law, False Claims Act, and corporate governance issues, including through appeals. In the cybersecurity field, Caroline represents companies who have been the victims of cyber attacks, and has advised technology and cybersecurity companies on data protection policies and compliance with evolving statutes and regulatory guidance.
Caroline maintains an active pro bono practice. She has drafted amicus briefs in cases pending before the U.S. Supreme Court and U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeals, worked on prisoner’s rights, domestic violence, and housing cases, and currently represents children in asylum proceedings in conjunction with Kids In Need of Defense (KIND). In 2013-14, Caroline was selected to serve in the Boston Bar Association’s Public Interest Leadership Program. In 2017, she was named an Up & Coming Lawyer by Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly. She currently serves as the co-chair of the Mentoring Committee for the BBA’s Diversity & Inclusion Section.
J.D., Columbia University Law School 2008 Journal of Transnational Law, Head Notes Editor
A.B., Harvard University 2004 Government cum laude
New York 2009
U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York
U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts
U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
Memberships & Affiliations
American Bar Association; Boston Bar Association Diversity & Inclusion Section, Mentoring Committee, Co-Chair
2017 Up & Coming Lawyer, Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly
Her publication titled, “The Reinvigorated Confrontation Clause: A New Basis to Challenge the Admission of Evidence from Nontestify Forensic Experts in White Collar Prosecutions”, co-authored with Thomas Frongillo, received the IADC 2015 George W. Yancey Memorial Award.
LEAD Dallas Retreat, Cybersecurity Panel (May 13, 2016)
Tried a 7-day federal criminal case to verdict of acquittal on behalf of client charged with attempted Hobbs Act extortion.
Successfully represented attorneys under federal investigation for conspiracy to defraud the United States; U.S. Attorney’s Office declined to prosecute.
Represented a manufacturer of solar panels in an offensive trade secret misappropriation case brought under Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 93A, obtaining judgment awarding treble damages under a lost profits theory and attorney’s fees, permanent injunction, and a 5-year production injunction. Judgment upheld in full by the Massachusetts Appeals Court.
Conducted an internal investigation on behalf of a state university regarding misuse of public funds by its President, leading to his resignation and a False Claims Act suit filed by the Attorney General’s Office against the individual, successfully recovering funds.
Successfully represented members of the state legislature in federal investigation prosecution involving charges of bribery.
Conducted an internal investigation on behalf of a private health and beauty care company regarding allegations of anticompetitive conduct.
Represented hedge fund in shareholder dispute regarding voting rights, successfully obtained summary judgment and injunctive relief that was upheld by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court on Direct Appellate Review (sua sponte).
Represented semiconductor company in patent litigation appeal involving allegations of spoliation; successfully obtained affirmance in the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals.